From to , a total of , Indian farmers have committed suicide — which translates into almost 42 farmer suicides a day. Some people argue that India should replicate the population shift away from agriculture seen in developed economies, however that is now a historical impossibility and an ecological dead-end.
Industrialised agriculture has created ecological crises in the form of lowering water tables, the spread of dangerous pesticides have ruined ecosystems. At the same time food prices have increased and the small farmer has found agricultural too risky and with very low returns. Farmer suicides are a symptom of the extreme distress faced in the agrarian sector. We need to build agriculture into a stress-free, ecologically sound and sustainable process that provides dignified livelihood and also builds both food security and food sovereignty for all.
Particularly, the new generation farmers do not have the knowledge of the sustainable farming practiced decades ago. Ruchi Pathak. Kalpana Dayala. Nayan Bhuyan.
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Saving the Farmer, Protecting the Earth.
Donate Now. Cyclone Fani Helping vulnerable Building child leadership in marginalised Irrigated cultivation of rice in South India Cauvery River was the most important source of irrigation water. Cultivation of rice, finger millet, Sugarcane, Pepper and turmeric was quite common. During British period the most important development in agriculture was cultivation of commercial crops like cotton, sugarcane and Indigo.
The reason for introducing commercial crops in India by Britishers, they felt need of raw materials for their industrial growth and they got huge amount from European market by selling our commercial crops there. India imported wheat from USA and rice from Myanmar. After green revolution India became a food surplus country. Advancement of civilisation is closely related to agriculture which produces food to satisfy hunger. In the world nearly one billion people are living below poverty line. Therefore, the increased food production should aim at trebling food production in the next century.
For crop production the basic input is land. Environmental degradation is increasing at a pace that is impairing the productivity of land and undermining the welfare of millions of rural people. Cereals are grown throughout the world to provide food for human consumption and fodder for livestock. Demand for food is growing with ever increasing population. The present population is about million which is expected to stabilize at about million by the middle of present century.
Agriculture Across the World
This trend of population growth created alarming situation as the scope of increasing area under cultivation is limited. Importance of agriculture can be measured by the share of agriculture in national income and employment pattern etc. Knowing the importance of agriculture, agriculture sector can be related with the industrial sector. This is a trend that takes place the fundamentals of the Indian economy closer to the developed economies.
Very high proportion of working population in India is engaged in agriculture.
Urban agriculture: what and why? | The RUAF Foundation
Where as in U. Indian Agriculture has been source of supply of raw materials to our leading industry.
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Cotton, Jute, textile industry, Sugar, vanaspathi and plantation depend upon agriculture directly. There are many other industries which depend on agriculture in indirect manner. Many of our small and cottage industries, handloom, oil industry, rice mills and sugar mills depend upon agriculture for their raw materials.